Did you know that different types of steel are produced in harmony to the properties needed for their application? Also, did you know that the grading systems are used to differentiate the types of steel according to the properties of steel? Here is useful information about steel in Tulsa.
The grades of steel include distinctive chemical, physical and environmental properties. Steel is made of carbon and iron. The carbon content ranges from 0.1- 1.5% or 0.1- 0.25%. The property of each steel grade is determined by the quantity of carbon, amount of impurities and other alloying elements.
Steel is the most preferred material for construction by engineers, architects, and designers in Tulsa. The reason behind it is, it provides technical and mechanical functionality. Structural steel has great advantages such as:
- Super-quick to be built on site
- Strong to resist natural forces, e.g., wind forces
- Infinite ready-made structural sections
- A wide range of joining methods, e.g., welding, bolting and riveting
- Can take any shape.
- Can be combined with other types of materials.
Take a look at some types of steel grades for use in fabrication and rebar.
Users pick stainless steel because of its high corrosion resistance. It is resistant to corrosion because of chromium availability. Stainless steel is made of 10- 20 % chromium content. Chromium combines with oxygen to make chromium-oxide.
The chromium oxide forms a film that restricts further oxidation and rusting. Stainless steel is further grouped into five categories according to their crystalline structure: Ferritic, Austenitic, duplex, martensitic and precipitation-hardened.
Carbon steel is classified based on the amount of carbon. It also contains amounts of alloy metals. It is grouped into three categories:
- Low carbon steels(0.1- 0.3% carbon)
- Medium carbon steels (0.3-0.6%)
- High carbon steels (0.6 plus %)
Alloy steel contains more than one element to manipulate the composition of the steel. The elements that make alloy steel vary in quantity making properties such as strength, weldability, hardenability, and formability and corrosion resistance to vary too. The elements that make alloy include aluminum, silicon, copper, nickel, titanium, manganese, and chromium.
Tool steel is used to make cutting and drilling equipment due to their heat resistance and durability properties. This is possible due to their composition of cobalt, tungsten, molybdenum, and vanadium. The steel products are generally classified according to their use and shapes such as Long/Tubular products or flat products.
The Importance of Great Quality Steel Versus Cheap Quality Steel
One kind of steel metal is not necessarily superior to another kind. Each grade of steel has its advantages and disadvantages. What users do, they match the type of steel to its properties. For example, some grade of steel can be vulnerable to rust but wear resistant while another can be less wear-resistant but resistant to rust.
However, high-quality steel is demanded more than low quality steel in all sectors of the economy. Although low quality steel is cheap and was used in the past to make machinery, computers, motor vehicles, kitchen appliances and aircrafts, it is not considered in the market today. Cheap steel nowadays does have a place in the market because users are demanding for specific requirements.
High-quality steel is more reliable in the market than other qualities. It performs accurately with precision, has safety measures and agrees with engineering requirement. When comparing high-quality steel and low quality steel to perform the same function, the two will give a different result.
For instance, imagine cutting a low quality steel material, first with a high-quality steel blade and then followed by a low-quality blade. The high-quality steel blade will cut the low quality steel material, but the low quality steel blade will be shattered into pieces. Therefore, high-quality steel is used for commercial purposes than cheap steel.
A local building material supply company in Tulsa offers the best fabrication services to their customers. Any grade of steel you need or information regarding steel and its application you can always contact them.
When you buy quality steel for construction, you should check it for spot defects and its coloration. This way, you will have a plan on what will be placed next to it.