Throughout history, materials such as wood have been used to create permanent structures for public and private use. Traditionally, timber was an abundant resource that was easy to shape and work with. While engineers have created many building material alternatives, such as modern concrete and steel, abundant and renewable components made from lumber provide builders with a variety of uses on the construction site. Included below are some of the most common applications of this valuable building material.

Helping To Create A Solid Foundation

Lumber is used from the start of the construction process. As you know, a commercial or residential job begins by testing the soil that the structure will sit upon. This critical information confirms that the ground that the building will sit upon is able to support it without shifting over time. Once the soil integrity has been determined, engineers are able to determine the type of form lumber to be used for pouring the concrete foundations.

Treated form lumber is designed for each project being built, taking into account the volume and type of concrete being poured for the foundation. Each component must be able to support the weight of the concrete as it sets, and they need to also provide a seal so that the wet concrete will not leak after it is poured. These considerations are also important with form lumber used for driveways and sidewalks as well.Â

While softwoods are used in some applications, hardwoods are often used in building the frame that holds the shape of the project. No matter what type of lumber being used, dry wood is avoided to help prevent moisture absorption from the concrete as well as the soil surrounding the form. Dry wood can also discolor a foundation. Project managers must also take into account the elements at the construction site to avoid complications.

Project size will also determine the amount and type of form lumber used. Driveway and sidewalk projects are often the simplest designs, while multi-level commercial foundations will require large forms that will require complex systems in order to hold the greater volumes of concrete being used.

Providing The Frame Of A Structure

Various commercial and residential structures are built with framing lumber. Timber used in these applications is made from softwoods from coniferous trees that grow quickly, like pine or spruce. This lumber is a popular construction material due to the strength and durability of the material as well as its lower price point. A quick glance at any lumber yard demonstrates the wide selection of grades and sizes of this wood, many of which are designed for particular applications.

Base and Top Support

Sole plate lumber is placed at the bottom of studded partitions and is attached to the foundation. These components are treated to resist moisture and provide the support needed to hold the rest of the lumber frame. Top plate lumber sits atop of the frame of a wall and is designed to hold the frame in place and provide support for upper components.

Beams and Studs

With a stud frame building, multiple studs are spaced evenly to support the weight of the structure’s weight. These timber pieces are smaller than beams and posts. Another construction method uses beams and posts that are larger in diameter than most studs. They are able to support more weight, meaning that fewer pieces are used to hold the structure’s weight.

Horizontal Support

Wider lumber beams are used as floor support in the construction process. These beams and joists can be made from solid wood, but most modern construction use composite woods. Smaller timber can be used for horizontal components that are supported adequately from below.

Framing Support and Openings

A multitude of framing support as well as pieces around doors and windows are made from construction lumber in many buildings. Small cats are placed between studs to provide more support and rigidity, while king studs provide this function on each end of a header.

Cripples are shorter studs that are placed above or below door and window openings, while jack studs provide verticle support. Headers are thicker components made from multiple studs fastened together that are located above openings that offer increased load-bearing capacity.

Roofing Construction

Multiple pieces of various dimensioned lumber are used in constructing a sloped roof. Studs are used to create the rafters as well as the ridge boards found in sloped designs. King post components also help to shore up these roofs. The exterior fascia and soffits are made from straight pieces of lumber.

Creating Horizontal And Vertical Surfaces

Once the framing has been erected, composite and plywood sheeting is used for many of the structure’s surfaces. Exterior walls made out of composite materials are used in many building projects as a cost-effective alternative to older masonry designs. Horizontal and vertical planks can be used for exterior siding that is fastened to these surfaces. Roof shingles are still common in some areas and offer an alternative to composite and metal roofing materials.

Wooden panels are used in flooring and can be treated to prevent moisture damage in areas such as basements. Hard and soft woods have become popular interior building materials when constructing paneling, while interior sheeting is still used for wall surfaces in mobile and permanent houses.

Fencing And Landscaping

Another popular property construction project using lumber is fencing, especially with residential homes. Rough wooden posts are still using for split rail fencing, while planks are used when constructing paneled fences. Redwood is a popular selection due to its natural resistance to moisture and rot.

Various outlying structures such as bridges, decks, gazebos, and sheds are made from lumber. Lumber for these projects can be stained or painted to match other structures as well as the main buildings on commercial or residential locations.

Rail ties and treated lumber like redwood are used for edging that separates different parts of a yard such as grass and rock. Lumber is also broken down into wood chips for property decorations.

Tulsa Building Supply

At Tulsa’s Security Building Services and Supply, we provide the best quality lumber, steel and rebar for your construction needs.

As an industry leader with decades of experience, our team is ready to answer any construction project questions you may have whether they are residential, commercial or industrial. For more details or to place an order, get a quote today.

If your company is looking for construction materials, termite pretreat, and building material supply in Tulsa, contact Security Building Services and Building Supply of Tulsa today! Call us at (918) 663-6272 to speak to a qualified lumber expert.

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Further reading:

Most Common Uses for Lumber in Construction Projects – Building Supply of Tulsa

There are many different types of building materials involved in constructing a house or building. Learn more about Most Common Uses for Lumber in Construction Projects with Security Building Service and Supply of Tulsa.